Où donc situer le beau dans le passage du moderne au postmoderne ? La question ne s´arrête pas à l´abstraction. Une mutation s´est opérée. Selon Antonio Negri, créer n´a plus aucun lien avec quelque Nature que ce soit, ce n´est pas non plus une sublimation, mais une démesure (« excédence ») qui découvre des formes instituées comme surplus de la production. Dans un monde global à tendance impériale, créer et générer deviennent des gestes de résistance, réinventant constamment des singularités (objets, signes) prises dans le commun : c´est la multitude.
Antonio Negri, philosophe, essayiste et dramaturge, a participé aux luttes politiques et sociales des années 1960-70 en Europe. Longtemps professeur de sciences politiques à Paris, il est l´auteur de nombreux ouvrages de philosophie parmi lesquels Marx au-delà de Marx (Bourgois, 1979), L´Anomalie sauvage, Puissance et pouvoir chez Spinoza (PUF, 1982) et, en collaboration avec Michael Hardt, Empire (Exils, 2000). Trilogie de la différence (Stock, 2009) rassemble ses pièces Essaim (2004), L´Homme plié (2006) et Cithéron (2007).
Four men in a cell in Rebibbia prison, Rome, awaiting trial on serious charges of subversion. One of them, the political thinker Antonio Negri, spends his days writing. Among his writings are twenty letters addressed to a young friend in France letters in which Negri reflects on his own personal development as a philosopher, theorist and political activist and analyses the events, activities and movements in which he has been involved. The letters recount an existential journey that links a rigorous philosophical education with a powerful political passion, set against the historical backdrop of postwar Italy. Crucially, Negri recalls the pivotal moment in 1978 when the former prime minister of Italy, Aldo Moro, was kidnapped and killed by the Red Brigades, and how the institutions then pinned that killing onto him and his associates. Published here for the first time, these letters offer a unique and invaluable insight into the factors that shaped the thinking of one of the most influential political theorists of our time and they document Negri's role in the development of political movements like Autonomia. They are a vivid testimony to one man's journey through the political upheavals and intellectual traditions of the late 20th century, in the course of which he produced a body of work that has had, and continues to have, a profound impact on radical thought and politics around the world.
n Many people across the world know Antonio Negri as an internationally renowned political thinker whose book, Empire, co-authored with Michael Hardt, is an international bestseller. Much less well known is the fact that, up until 1979, Negri was a university professor teaching in Paris and Padova. On April 7th, 1979 he was arrested, charged with the murder of Italian politician Aldo Moro, accused of 17 other murders, of being the head of the Red Brigades and of fomenting insurrection against the state. He has since been absolved of all these accusations, but thanks to the emergency laws in Italy at the time, he was sentenced to 30 years in prison. Then, in July 1983, he was elected as a member of parliament, which meant that he was released from prison after four and a half years of preventive detention. After months of debate, the Lower House decided to strip him of his parliamentary immunity Ð by 300 votes in favour and 293 against. At that point he left Italy for exile in France where he remained until 1997 and continued to maintain his innocence of all the crimes of which he was accused. This book is Negri's diary in which he tells of his imprisonment, trial, the elections, and his escape to and exile in France. Both personal and political, it recounts a little known aspect of Negri's life and will be of great interest to anyone concerned with the work of this enormously influential political thinker.
This third and final volume of the series of writings by Antonio Negri examines how Spinoza's thought constitutes a radical break with past ideas and an essential tool for envisaging a form of politics beyond capitalism.
Negri shows how Spinoza's ideas have facilitated radical renewal from their beginnings to the present day. It was the democratic freedoms and spirit of solidarity fostered in The Netherlands of the 17th century that allowed Spinoza to develop a radically new form of thought, redefining notions of the state and outlining a republican alternative to absolutist monarchy. In our own era, Negri argues that the rediscovery of Spinoza was critical in reinvigorating political theory. Instead of acquiescing to the economic order of capitalism and abandoning the class struggle, Spinoza's ideas enable us to reconstruct a revolutionary perspective. His treatment of concepts such as multitude, necessity, and liberty have given us new ways of looking critically at our present, revealing that power must always be seen as a question of antagonism and class struggle.
The writings that make up this volume - some written from prison as Negri fought for his own freedom - provide an important account of the enduring relevance of Spinoza's thought. It will be of great interest to students and scholars of philosophy and political theory, as well anyone interested in radical politics today.
This second volume of a new three-part series of Antonio Negri's work is focussed on the consequences of the rapid process of deindustrialisation that has occurred across the West in recent years.
In this volume Negri investigates exactly what happens when the class subjects of industrial capitalism are demobilised and the factories close. Evidently capital continues to make profit, but how and where? According to Negri, the creation of value extends beyond the factory walls to embrace the whole of society; the 'mass worker' of industrialism gives way to the 'socialised worker' (operaio sociale) and the terrain of exploitation now becomes the whole of human life. In postmodernity, the metropolis becomes the privileged arena of value extraction. We must therefore understand the global city, with its stratifications, its enclosures and its resistances. Old categories of the private and the public are inadequate to describe the new matrix of production, which is characterised rather by the 'common', the productive space of cognitive and immaterial labour. Today's metropolis can be defined as a space of antagonisms between forms of life produced, on the one hand, by finance capital (the capital that operates around rents), and on the other by the 'cognitive proletariat'. The central question is then how 'the common' of the latter can be mobilised for the destruction of capitalism.
In an analysis that runs from the Italian workerism (operaismo) of the 1970s to the present day, From the Factory to the Metropolis offers readers valuable insight into the far-reaching impact of deindustrialisation, presenting both the challenges and opportunities. It will appeal to the many interested in the continuing development of Negri's project and to anyone interested in radical politics today.
This the first of a new three-part series in which Antonio Negri, a leading political thinker of our time, explores key ideas that have animated radical thought and examines some of the social and economic forces that are shaping our world today.
In this first volume Negri shows how the thinking of Marx and Foucault were brought together to create an original theoretical synthesis - particularly in the context of Italy from May '68 onwards. At around that time, the structures of industry and production began to change radically, with the emergence of new producer-subjects and new fields of capitalist value creation. New concepts and theories were developed by Foucault, Deleuze and Guattari and others to help make sense of these and related developments - concepts such as biopower and biopolitics, subjectivation and subsumption, public and common, power and potentiality. These concepts and theories are examined by Negri within the broader context of the development of European philosophical discourse in the twentieth century.
Marx and Foucault provides a unique account of the development of radical thought in the late 20th and early 21st centuries and will be a key text for anyone interested in radical politics today.
« Dans cet ouvrage Antonio Negri rassemble des essais spinoziens écrits depuis 1981, année de publication de la première édition de son livre L'Anomalie sauvage.
Dans ces nouveaux essais Negri approfondit son interprétation du concept de « puissance » de Spinoza, et la confronte aux lectures spinoziennes de Gilles Deleuze, Alexandre Matheron, Pierre Macherey, Etienne Balibar et autres interprètes contemporains, surtout en s'attardant sur le concept de démocratie. »
Extrait de: Antonio Negri. « Spinoza subversif. » iBooks.
Troisième ouvrage issu de la collaboration entre Antonio Negri et Michael Hardt, Commonwealth poursuit la critique du triumvirat république, modernité et capital, en affirmant la nécessité d´instituer et de gérer un monde de richesses partagées. Le commun en question est de nature écologique mais aussi biopolitique, puisque ce sont les connaissances, langages, images, codes, affects et réseaux de communication qu´une société produit de manière collective. Face à une république devenue république de la propriété privée - tant au niveau national que global - au fil des constitutions et des grandes révolutions bourgeoises, la multitude doit apprendre à se réapproprier le commun, et devenir par là un projet d´organisation politique.
Pour ce faire la critique ne suffit pas, aussi Negri et Hardt esquissent-ils les ligne de fuite de l´alter-modernité - ces forces de résistance mais aussi de renouvellement. Negri et Hardt confient donc la lutte des classes à l´autonomie croissante du travail biopolitique. Ainsi les aptitudes économiques montrent la voie aux aptitudes politiques de la multitude. Cet ouvrage, et l´étude des manières d´instituer le commun qu´il propose, gagne une nouvelle perspective au vu des événements récents, notamment du printemps des révoltes arabes.Traduit de l'anglais par Elsa Boyer
Goodbye Mr. Socialism offers a gripping encounter with one of todays leading leftists, presenting his most uptodate analysis of global events and insight into the prospects for the Left in an age of neoliberalism. In his most accessible work yet, philosopher Antonio Negri discusses the state of the global Left since the end of the Cold War and suggests a new politics in a series of rousing conversations with Raf Valvola Scelsi. Scelsi prompts Negri to critique the episodes in the postCold War period that have afforded the Left opportunities to rethink its strategies and objectives. Addressing the twilight of social democracy, Negri offers a compelling defense of the prospects for social transformation.
« Est-il possible de développer un discours qui soit à la fois philosophique, poétique et politique à propos d'un auteur de la grandeur de Leopardi ? Est-il possible de s'engager dans une lecture qui fasse de la rencontre paradoxale entre critique philologique et critique philosophique la ligne d'une interprétation politique du poète qu'est Leopardi. Tel est l'objectif poursuivi par ce livre. Ce livre est né dans d'étranges conditions. Je commençai à relire Leopardi (un auteur de prédilection de mon adolescence) en prison. »
Extrait de: Antonio Negri. « Lent genêt. » iBooks.